Activation: Chile Earthquake 2010

Dichato, Chile after the 2010 tsunami
Dichato, Chile after the 2010 tsunami
Dichato, Chile after the 2010 tsunami
Dichato, Chile after the 2010 tsunami
Vespucio Norte Highway after Haiti 2010earthquake

On 27 February 2010, a 8.8 magnitude earthquake hit central Chile followed by 122 aftershocks of magnitude 5.0 or greater. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake hit 56 miles northeast of the city of Concepcion at a depth of 22 miles.

Afterwards a tsunami hit the coastal town of Constitucion (Maule region) imposing additional damages and killing about 350 people. The overall death toll could reach 800 while about 2 million people are affected in some way.

The G-MOSAIC Rapid Geospatial Reporting Service (RGR) was triggered by the UN Department for Field Support soon after the earthquake. On Sunday  February 27th in the morning, both the Italian Ministry of Defence (General Staff) and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Crisis Unit) expressed their interest in being informed about any possible evolution in the ground damage assessment, as a possible involvement in the rescue activities could be needed in case Italian citizens were affected or a request for international intervention was  made by the Chilean authorities.

The data and products delivered or being developed include:

  • Damage assessment
  • Critical infrastructure analysis (e.g. water treatment plant, airport, harbour)
  • Reference
  • Vector reference analysis
  • Vector reference database


.The full set of products is available for download here. Below are some examples of the key product types delivered during the Chile activation.

All Chile products in Google Earth

An index of all products delivered for the Chile activation is available as a Google Earth file (KML). The products can be opened directly within Google Earth by clicking on the links situated in the Places folder (in the left-hand sidebar).

Download the index of products here.

Damage assessment

 

Map: PDF I JPG LR- MR- HR Map: PDF I JPG LR- MR- HR


This information is derived from Radar information (Cosmo Skymed satellite), middle resolution optical data (RapidEye satellite). Only very obvious damage can be detected so far. This damage assessment is to be confirmed by Very High Resolution optical information.

Pre and post event critical infrastructure analysis

The images below illustrate the critical assets analysis. The ENAP refinery of Concepcion, in the Biobio region, has endured structural damages as shown by images acquired prior and after the earthquake by the Worldview-2 satellite, launched in October 2009.

Pre-event map
PDF | JPG LR - MR - HR
Post event map
PDF | JPG LR - MR - HR
 

 

The images below illustrate the critical infrastructure analysis of the Biobio water treatment plant. Images were acquired by the Worldview-2 satellite prior and after the earthquake.

Pre-event map
PDF | JPG LR - MR - HR
Post event map
PDF | JPG LR - MR - HR