Border Area Monitoring

USDOD
Credit: European Commission - ECHO - Yves Horent

Border Area Monitoring

The service chain Border Area Monitoring puts a focus on the monitoring of border regions and the observation of border crossings and related infrastructure along the borders.

All products offered by the Migration and Border Monitoring pilot services aim at providing monitoring and surveillance services and to support situation awareness in border areas and in areas and/or along routes subject to migration and temporary settlement/urban extensions. The products provide a significant intelligence and decision support in order to help stakeholders involved in issues related to border control, migration and (temporary) settlements.

Users come from various domains, but mainly public, civil security and military stakeholders are addressed. The services can be offered worldwide; within GMOSAIC the focus is currently put on Eastern Europe and Central Africa.

 

Core products

Both the pilot services Border Area Monitoring and Monitoring Migration Routes and Settlements supply the following products:

 

Border Permeability Map showing the ease with which borders can be crossed

 

 

 

Extended Border Permeability Map which adds a trafficability map to the above

 

 

 

Change Detection Map showing changes between two points in time

 

 

 

Reference Map (basic), Reference Population Distribution Map and Reference Road Network Map providing background material for further analysis

 

 

Border Permeability Map / Extended Border Permeability Map

Border permeability maps (BPM) provide a description of the ease with which a border can be crossed, taking into account the topography and the land cover along the border, as well as the surveillance (border guard, check points) exerted along it.

Three kinds of permeability maps are provided based on three different criteria:

  • Walking criterion BPIW (practicability)
  • Hide criterion BPIH (hidability, possibility of remaining unseen)
  • Secure criterion BPIS (effectiveness of border patrol)

 

BPIW shows the walking practicability of the area surrounding the border. It is obtained by combining the following normalized layers: Land cover, DEM and slope, roads density, rivers density.

BPIH shows the opportunities offered to a migrant from the area to hide during his travels towards the border. It will be higher in areas away from inhabited, sparsely populated and inaccessible areas. It is obtained by combining the following normalized layers: land cover, DEM and slope, night-lights, and population density.

BPIS represents the progress time necessary for the border guards to pursue the migrants from the Border Control Point on this walking surface.

 

This index is achieved by means of cost functions. The values fall between 0 - 20 hours; higher values correspond to EBPM, the extended BPM, consists of a BPM and a “Trafficability Map”. The BPM is based on the approach described above with the difference that the secure criterion will not be included in the BPM but in the Trafficability Map (trafficability is a measure of the capability for vehicular movement through some regions).

 

Change Detection Map

An example of this is supplied on the Monitoring Migration Routes and Settlements page.

 

Reference Map (basic), Reference Population Distribution Map and Reference Road Network Map

Examples of these products are supplied on the Monitoring Migration Routes and Settlements page.

 

Service coordination

This service is coordinated by Astrium GEO-Information Services with the efforts of further partners inside the G-MOSAIC consortium: e-geos, Eurosense, University of Rome/San Marco Project Research Centre, Space Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences.

 

 

Click the link below to download the brochure (for the two service chains Border Area Monitoring and Monitoring Migration Routes and Settlements):

Border Area Monitoring - Migration Routes and Settlements