Land Degradation

(Copyright information pending)
(Copyright information pending)
(Copyright information pending)

Land Degradation

The Land Degradation (LD) service is one out of a group of three services – named Conflict Indicators – that provide conflict related geo-spatial information for countries at risk of armed conflict or with ongoing conflicts. All three proposed services provide refined geographical and thematic information related to conflicts at sub-national level. They offer products to be used in the security realm.

The service is split into two subservices:

1) Land degradation and land use changes in Eastern Zimbabwe

2) Land use and land cover changes and their effect on water quality in Southern Mozambique


1) Area of Interest: Eastern Zimbabwe

In eastern Zimbabwe, the LD service examines potential interlinkages between land degradation, land use changes and conflicts in rural Zimbabwe. Land use or land cover changes are derived from multi-temporal analysis of earth observation data. This information aims at identifying possible flash points for crisis within a country. The information is then combined with other non-Earth observation data to analyse potential spatial relationships.


Core products


The product consists in one report and several geo-information layers that are combined in maps to visualise spatial relationships.



The core information layers are:

  • Multi-temporal land use/land cover
  • Land use and land cover changes
  • Occurrence of conflict events,
  • Population.


Multi-temporal land use analysis



2) Area of Interest: Southern Mozambique

For the area of a drinking water catchment, the service examines the influence of land use changes on the quality of the water. Land use changes are derived from Earth observation data and then used by a SWAT model to map the water quality and nitrogen import and export. This service chain examines the decrease in water quality as potential trigger of conflict between Swaziland and Mozambique.


Core Products


Land use and water quality



The service provides the following geo-information layers:

  • Multi-temporal land use/land cover
  • Land use land cover changes,
  • Reference soil types, hydrography, slope,
  • Multi-temporal nitrogen export
  • Multi-temporal phosphor export.


Land use and water quality


Service coordination

This pilot service is coordinated by the Joint Research Centre with the efforts of other partners inside the G-MOSAIC project : Adelphi Research, GISAT, IST, Astrium GEO-Information Services, Swisspeace, and Z-GIS.



Click the link below to download the brochure for the Land Degradation service:

Land Degradation